Main Article Content
Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is one of the common main complaint in pregnancy. NVP can be a significant burden to the patient, make a decrease in quality of life, pregnancy threatening or even worse can lead to nutritional loss and death. NVP diagnosed when in first trimester of pregnancy and the other possible cause of NVP is excluded. Management of NVP is included maintaining hydration, nutrition, and lifestyle modification. Also avoiding the smells, food, or activity that can cause nause are necessary. There are some methods to treat NVP including pharmalogical or non-pharmalogical. The non-pharmalogical approach is change nutritional habits, lifestyle and medications. Several pharmalogical agents that can be used to relief the symptoms of NVP are pyridoxine, anti- histamines, metoclopramide, pyridoxine/doxylamine, promethazine and metoclopramide. Some patients also want to try more “natural” medications for NVP like ginger. The pharmacological activity is thought to stand in the pungent principles (gingerols and shogaols) and volatile oils (sesquiterpenes and monoterpenes). The true mechanism of action of ginger is probable to be a gastric effect, to increase tone and peristaltic due to anticholinergic and antiserotonin act. Ginger acts straight to the digestive tract and avoids the CNS side effects common to centrally acting antiemetics. Ginger is available in capsule or syrup form or in candy, cookies, beer, tinctures, teas, sodas, and jam. Nowadays, true dosing is available only if one uses standardized extracts; however, women may choose to use another form of ginger.
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.